Intellectual disability (ID) begins during childhood and involves deficits in mental abilities, social skills, and core activities of daily living (ADLs) when compared to same-aged peers.

The level of impairment ranges in severity for each person. Some of the early signs can include

  • Delays in reaching or failure to achieve milestones in motor skills development (sitting, crawling, walking)

  • Slowness learning to talk or continued difficulties with speech and language skills after starting to talk.

  • Difficulty with self-help and self-care skills (e.g., getting dressed, washing, and feeding themselves).

  • Poor planning or problem solving abilities.

  • Behavioural and social problems.

  • Failure to grow intellectually or continued infant-like behaviour.

  • Problems keeping up in school.

  • Failure to adapt or adjust to new situations.

  • Difficulty understanding and following social rules.

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